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The Seed For Europe List (varieties we brought to Europe)
Arranged By Andrew Still, Updated 11-27-2006
Perennial Rye - Mountaineer
Secale montanum or wild rye has now been transformed
into a grain plant similar to Secale cereale by Tim Peters
of Peters Seed Research, Myrtle Creek, Oregon, USA. This has taken
many years of work, but they have turned a wild perennial grass into
a perennial grain. These Perennial grains do better and live longer
with low fertility and should fit perfectly into many Permaculture
The large seeds of this variety are easily threshed from the shatter resistant heads. It flowers and matures grain earlier than any other perennial rye. More drought resistant, vigorous, and longer lived than Varimontra. It has moderate rust resistance and provides excellent forage grass for late summer-fall after the grain harvest. The grain is good for rolling or milling for cereal use. Seed Origin: Peters Seed Research Perennial Grain breeding program, Myrtle Creek, Oregon, USA.
Perennial Wheat - PSR 3628
This variety is a 3�-5 ft tall awned perennial winter type brown wheat. Good lodge resistance and seems resistant to numerous diseases. This is one of the better selections out of Sandoz material for Perennial regeneration. Plants grow and yield best when given at least 1 square foot each. Start seed in beds or flats and transplant 1� to 2 months later. Seed Origin: Received via Tim Murray of Washington State University and further selected by Peters Seed Research Perennial Grain breeding program, Myrtle Creek, Oregon, USA.
Tim Peters is one of the
most highly regarded plant breeders in the United States. For a comprehensive
review of his work with perennial grains, please see the article 'Tim's
Bean, Snap Bush - Alice Sunshine Phaeseolus vulgaris
49 days snap, 90 days dry maturity. Big 20" tall vigorous plants with dark green leaves and white flowers. Heavy yields of Flat, medium green, 6-8" beans with fine flavor. Seeds are pale yellow with amber speckles and amber patch around the eye. Seeds are fairly large and good as a dry bean. Original breeding work by the late Robert Lobitz of Paynesville, Minnesota.
Bean, Snap Bush - Magpie Phaeseolus vulgaris
65 days snap maturity. 90 days dry maturity. Unusual heirloom French snap bean from the early 1900s. It is delicious raw or lightly steamed. If allowed to develop, the seeds have a beautiful black and white pattern often featuring many tiny black speckles on white. Shaped like a small/thin kidney bean. Can also be eaten as a dry bean. Dries well even in wet weather. Not very high yielding of dry beans.
Bean, Dry Bush, - Black Coco Phaeseolus vulgaris
90 Days dry maturity. 5 inch beans pods. Dry bean with beautiful jet black pearl shaped beans. Grows 22-24 inches. Can be also used and a fresh shelling bean and a green snap bean. Good flavor, but milder than many common black beans. Good yield of dry beans.
Bean, Snap Bush - Red Swan Phaeseolus vulgaris
52 days snap maturity. Totally unique red/pink color, round 5" snap beans. Has very good distinctive flavor. 14" tall medium sized plants with unusual white and pink flowers. Plump oval, tan seeds. Stabilized from a cross between a purple snap bean and a pinto. Original breeding work by the late Robert Lobitz of Paynesville, Minnesota.
Bean, Tepary - Mitla Black Phaeseolus acutifolius
90 days to maturity. Extreme drought tolerance, can withstand intense sun and temperatures over 100F. Can produce well even with poor soil. Exceptional flavor and good for black bean soup. Unlike other tepary beans, it is very adaptable to northern latitudes. Originally from the Mitla Valley in Oaxaca, Mexico. Can be used to make a beautiful blue-black dye. Plants are 2-3 ft. tall with some runners and lavender flowers. Needs warm soil to germinate (70-90°F). Grown as a summer crop by the O'odham people of the Sonoran desert since prehistoric times.
Corn, Flint, Saskatoon
75 Days to dry maturity. Grows to 4' tall with one ear per plant (7" long, 8 rows). Possibly the fastest maturing white corn for grits, corn meal or flour availible. A northern corn.
Corn, Flour, Painted Mountain Flour
75 days to dry maturity. 4'-5' tall stalks with somemtimes two 7" rainbow ears. Developed by Dave Christensen in the high elevations of Montana from hundreds of northern native and heirloom varieties of flour corns. 8 rows per ear helps them dry down quickly. Adaptable to the harshest corn growing areas. It can even shrug off light frosts in the spring and fall.
Corn, Sweet, Painted Mountain Sweet
75 days to maturity. Bred by Dr. Alan Kapular in Corvallis Oregon. The result of a cross between Dave Christensen's Painted Mountain Flour Corn and the heirloom Luther Hill White Sweet Corn. 2-3 7" Multi-colored ears per plant, on 5' stalks. The seeds emerge in cool wet soil and the plants are very vigorous even in cool mountain regions. Unlike other corn varieties Painted Mountain Sweet Corn can shrug off light frosts even down to 28-30 F. Tassels early, which can preserve variety purity when other corn varieties are growing near by. Developed by Dr. Alan Kapular of Corvallis Oregon.
Corn, Sweet, Double Red
85 days. Dark red/purple sweet ears. The intense purple color contributes a lot to this corns beauty and nutritional value. Color comes from the antioxidant anthocyanidin-3 glucocide, also found in blueberries and blackberries. Plants are 6-7' tall with 2 ears each. Most ears have purple cobs and husks as well. From crosses between Martian Red and Ruby Queen. Developed by Dr. Alan Kapular of Corvallis Oregon.
Kale, Steel Green (F5?)
Cross between Lacinato kale and Cascade Glaze Collards. Amazing bright green, savoyed, extra wide strap shaped leaves. Has a shinny glaze on leaves that effectively discourages Cabbage White Butterfly larva (aka. cabbage maggot). Still needs stabilization. Up to 30% do not retain the glaze trait. Nothing like it anywhere. Developed by Dr. Alan Kapular of Corvallis Oregon.
Lupin (Edible Seeded), Chocho Lupinus mutablis
Crosses of all available USDA accessions and then selected by Alan Kapular. Seeds with Pure white color, white with brown spot, white with tan spot and white with dark brown spot. Ancient staple of the Incas. Fell out of cultivation with the introduction of fava beans. High in protein. Needs leaching (soaked in several changes of water) to remove the toxic bitter tannins before cooking. May need scarification of the rock hard seed coat to encourage water absorption for cooking and germination. May have traditionally been pickled in brine solution.
Marigold, Red Metamorph
3' shrubs good for a garden hedge. 3-4" round flowers with dozens to hundreds of blooms, whose petals change from all burgundy to yellow striped back and to purple as temperatures go from cool to warm to cool. Developed by Dr. Alan Kapular of Corvallis Oregon
Marigold, Frances's Choice
Named in honor of Frances Hoffman, a lifetime seed saver, horticulturalist and promoter of biodiversity. 8 petalled 2" wide striking gold and burgundy flowers. Plants grow 4-5' tall. Developed by Dr. Alan Kapular of Corvallis Oregon
4' bushes with 2-3" beautiful double flowers. Developed by Dr. Alan Kapular of Corvallis Oregon.
Pea, Snap, Opal Creek Golden
75 Days. Unique 4-5" yellow pods. Plants grow to 5', have bicolor purple flowers and yellow tinted foliage. Over-mature pods retain an extreme sweetness. Best flavor for pea shoots. Named to commemorate the last of Oregon's old growth forests. Developed by Dr. Alan Kapular of Corvallis Oregon.
Pea, Snap, Sugaree
80 days. An excellent replacement for the patented sugar snap cultivar. 2 flowered nodes. Sweet and flavorful pods. Plants are very vigorous and grow to 8'. Developed by Dr. Alan Kapular of Corvallis Oregon.
60-70 days. Like centiflor tomatoes but with small pear shaped fruit in clusters of 20-40. Mid-early indeterminate bushes. Developed by Dr. Alan Kapular of Corvallis Oregon from a cross made by his daughter Kusra.
Tomato, Red Centiflor
65-75 days. 1" red cherry tomatoes in huge grape like clusters. Up to one hundred flowers per tress. Quite striking to see hundreds of small flowers held above the foliage of a single plant. Plants are indeterminate bushes. Lycopersicon humboldtii parentage. Developed by Dr. Alan Kapular of Corvallis Oregon from a cross made by his daughter Kusra..
Tomato, Yellow Centiflor
Similar to Red Centiflor but with 1" yellow tomatoes. Fruit held in huge grape like clusters. Up to one hundred flowers per tress. Developed by Dr. Alan Kapular of Corvallis Oregon.